DermNet NZ

Facts about the skin from DermNet New Zealand Trust. Topic index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

About DermNet NZ

DermNet New Zealand is owned by the DermNet New Zealand Trust. Our website, DermNetNZ.org, presents authoritative facts about the skin for consumers and health professionals in New Zealand and throughout the world. We include hundreds of illustrated topics about skin diseases and conditions, dermatopathology, treatments and procedures. We also have continuing medical education pages and quizzes.

Our information is written and reviewed by dermatologists, other health professionals and medical writers. Access to DermNet NZ is free via the internet.

Dr Amanda Oakley, Website Manager, and Chief Editor, DermNet NZ
29 June 2015


Dr Oakley (centre, below) was honoured for developing DermNet NZ by Women's Dermatologic Society, 7 June 2015, where she received the prestigious WDS Pioneer Award at the World Congress of Dermatology in Vancouver, Canada from WDS President Dr Kathleen Hectorne (left) and International Affairs Chair, Dr Rashmi Sarkar (right).

Dr Amanda Oakley receives Women's Dermatologic Society International Pioneer Award, Vancouver June 2015 from WDS President Dr Kathleen Hectorne (left) and International Affairs Chair, Dr Rashmi Sarkar (right)

DermNet New Zealand Trust

The DermNet New Zealand Trust is incorporated by New Zealand Companies Office, Certificate of Incorporation number 2591483. It is a registered Charity, Registration Number CC50036. The affairs of the DermNet New Zealand Trust are run by its Trustees.

DermNet New Zealand Trustees 2013–2017
Chairperson Website Manager
Dr Marius Rademaker Dr Marius Rademaker
Honorary Associate Professor, Waikato Clinical Campus, University of Auckland
Clinical Director, Dermatology, Waikato District Health Board

* More about Dr Rademaker ...
Dr Amanda Oakley Dr Amanda Oakley
Honorary Associate Professor, Waikato Clinical Campus, University of Auckland
Dermatologist, Waikato District Health Board

* More about Dr Oakley...
Secretary Treasurer
Dr Anthony Yung Dr Anthony Yung
Dermatologist, Waikato District Health Board

* More about Dr Yung...
Dr Sandra Winhoven Dr Sandra Winhoven
Dermatologist, Skin Centre, Tauranga

* More about Dr Winhoven...

*Profiles on New Zealand Dermatological Society website

History of DermNet NZ

DermNet NZ was originally launched in March 1996 as the website of the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. The DermNet New Zealand Trust took over management of the website in October 2013.

Editorial policy

DermNet NZ aims:

  • To provide authoritative information about the skin:
    • All content reviewed by dermatologists
    • Information written by dermatologists, dermatology trainees and professional medical writers, unless otherwise specified
    • Dates of authorship and updates recorded
  • To be readily accessible and easy to navigate:
    • Format read by majority of currently used browsers
    • Low resolution graphics to enhance download
    • Uniform formatting throughout site
    • Minimise internal and external link errors and other miscoding
    • Plain English to accommodate a variety of health literacy levels
    • Search facility accesses entire site (except password-protected areas)
  • To comply with the recommendations of:
This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify.

Despite the best of intentions, we may include content that is incorrect, out of date, or inappropriate for the individual concerned. Our information should not be used to replace consultation with a dermatologist or other experienced health provider.

For in-depth information about individual skin diseases, refer to Medscape Reference Dermatology Articles or one of the major conventional published references.


Images have been supplied by Assoc Prof Amanda Oakley, Waikato District Health Board, Dr Professor Raimo Suhonen (Finland), members of the NZDSI, or as otherwise noted.


DermNet NZ may access content from other organisations, when these are consistent with our editorial policy.

We include RSS skin care news feeds from eMaxHealth and Medical News Today.

Privacy policy

Confidentiality of data relating to individual patients and visitors, including their identity, is respected by DermNet NZ. DermNet NZ undertakes to honour or exceed the legal requirements of medical/health information privacy that apply in New Zealand.

Our web site is using cookies, as we are using Google Analytics to analyse the audience of the website and improve our content. No personal information is collected from Google Analytics. For further information on the privacy policy concerning Google Analytics, please go here, http://www.google.com/analytics/learn/privacy.html. You can turn off cookies in your browser, if you wish.

Disclaimer, copyright and use of images

Refer to DermNet NZ's Disclaimer and Copyright statements.

The images available for licensed use by external agencies are listed on our image catalogue.


DermNet NZ is funded by donations, advertising, non-directed sponsorship and image licensing.

Advertising policy

DermNet NZ accepts advertising providing it is relevant to dermatology, ethical, and DermNet NZ has approved its format and content. Non-directed sponsorship and donations are also welcomed.

Sponsors do not influence content. Advertising is clearly separated from the editorial content and identified as such. Acknowledgement of a sponsor or advertiser does not imply any endorsement or recommendation of that company’s products by the DermNet NZ or the DermNet New Zealand Trust.

Minimum investment is $6,000 +GST per annum. Contact our website manager, Dr Amanda Oakley for further information.

DermNet NZ traffic summary

The website has been hosted on MediaTemple.net servers since March 2004.

Month Total clients Total page views Daily average clients
Mar 96      
Mar 97 3,125   100
Mar 98 18,646   601
Mar 99 42,922   1,384
Mar 00 83,214   2,744
Mar 01 130,735 811,381 4,217
Mar 02 126,732 667,975 4,507
Mar 03 213,741 1,086,073 6,894
Mar 04 466,389 2,207,196 15,044
Mar 05 429,819 1,305,902 13,865
Mar 06 591,469 1,752,786 19,080
Mar 07 591,608 1,864,627 19,084
Jun 08 670,674 2,100,188 22,355
Mar 09 580,986 1,921,960 18,741
May 10 739,143 2,221,212 23,843
Mar 11 763,464 2,319,021 24,627
Mar 12 1,085,840 3,128,109 35,027
Mar 13 1,013,590 3,016,696 32,696
Mar 14 1,747,882 3,264,245 56,383
Mar 15 1,678,526 3,261,395 54,146

Today's visitors

DermNet NZ does not provide an online consultation service.
If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice.