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Author: Dr Diana Purvis, Dermatology Fellow, Green Lane Hospital, Auckland. 2008.
Sclerema neonatorum is a disease affecting the subcutaneous fat of newborn babies. It results in hardening skin that spreads rapidly to affect much of the body. It is rarely seen with modern neonatal care.
The exact cause of sclerema neonatorum is not known. It predominantly affects very sick premature infants.
Treatment involves intensive care of the infant and treating any underlying conditions.
Unfortunately, sclerema neonatorum has a high mortality.
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